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Experts prioritize research to achieve sustained ART-free HIV remission

Medical research concept (stock image). Credit: © Nenov Brothers / Adobe Stock Achieving sustained remission of HIV without life-long antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a top HIV research priority, according to a new commentary in JAMA by experts at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health. ART…

What if you could spot skin cancer before it got too...

Skin examination (stock image). Credit: © thodonal / Adobe Stock Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States. If you could visibly see signs of skin cancer on your body, would you be more likely to visit the doctor? A group of professors from BYU and the University of Utah…

Was Mona Lisa’s smile a lie?

Mona Lisa depiction (stock image). Credit: © biggereye / Adobe Stock Mona Lisa's smile has intrigued humanity since famed artist Leonardo da Vinci painted the portrait in the early 16th century. A research team that includes a University of Cincinnati (UC) neurologist now says that her smile was non-genuine because of its asymmetry. "Our results…

CRISPR baby mutation significantly increases mortality

CRISPR/Cas9 word cloud (stock image). Credit: © ibreakstock / Adobe Stock A genetic mutation that a Chinese scientist attempted to create in twin babies born last year, ostensibly to help them fend off HIV infection, is also associated with a 21% increase in mortality in later life, according to an analysis by University of California,…

More fishing vessels chasing fewer fish, new study finds

Fish in nets (stock image). Credit: © Alex / Adobe Stock A new analysis of global fishing data has found the world's fishing fleet doubled in size over the 65-years to 2015 but for the amount of effort expended the catch fell more than 80 per cent. Published in the journal Proceedings of the National…

Godzilla is back and he’s bigger than ever: The evolutionary biology...

Godzilla model (stock image). Credit: © nattapong / Adobe Stock Godzilla first made his debut in 1954. At inception, he was a 50-meter tall metaphor for indiscriminate destruction, particularly U.S. hydrogen-bomb testing in the Marshall Islands, which, in the film, destroyed Godzilla's deep-sea ecosystem. Sixty-five years and 35 films later, Godzilla is back and bigger…

How stress leads to Facebook addiction

Woman with smartphone. Credit: © DragonImages / Adobe Stock Friends on social media such as Facebook can be a great source of comfort during periods of stress. However, if they don't receive any support offline, stressed users are at risk of developing a pathological dependence on the social networking site -- the so-called Facebook addiction.…

New evidence links ultra-processed foods with a range of health risks

Supermarket (stock image). Credit: © Pumba / Adobe Stock Two large European studies published by The BMJ today find positive associations between consumption of highly processed ("ultra-processed") foods and risk of cardiovascular disease and death. The researchers say further work is needed to better understand these effects, and a direct (causal) link remains to be…

Seeing disfigured faces prompts negative brain and behavior responses

Brain MRI (stock image). Credit: © sudok1 / Adobe Stock People with attractive faces are often seen as more trustworthy, socially competent, better adjusted, and more capable in school and work. The correlation of attractiveness and positive character traits leads to a "beautiful is good" stereotype. However, little has been understood about the behavioral and…

Cycling lanes reduce fatalities for all road users, study shows

Bicycle lane in traffic (stock image). Credit: © connel_design / Adobe Stock In the most comprehensive look at bicycle and road safety to date, researchers at the University of Colorado Denver and the University of New Mexico discovered that it's not the cyclists, but the infrastructure built for them, that is making roads safer for…

Inconsistent choice-making a normal part of how the brain evaluates options

Decision making concept. Credit: © pathdoc / Adobe Stock Economists have noticed that people can behave inconsistently when making choices. According to economic theory, people should choose the same things every time, under the same circumstances, because they are recognized as holding the same value as before. But people don't always do that. Sometimes consumers…

Antibiotics found in some of the world’s rivers exceed ‘safe’ levels,...

London, England, with view of River Thames. Credit: © zgphotography / Adobe Stock Concentrations of antibiotics found in some of the world's rivers exceed 'safe' levels by up to 300 times, the first ever global study has discovered. Researchers looked for 14 commonly used antibiotics in rivers in 72 countries across six continents and found…

Antibiotics found in some of the world’s rivers exceed ‘safe’ levels,...

London, England, with view of River Thames. Credit: © zgphotography / Adobe Stock Concentrations of antibiotics found in some of the world's rivers exceed 'safe' levels by up to 300 times, the first ever global study has discovered. Researchers looked for 14 commonly used antibiotics in rivers in 72 countries across six continents and found…

If you could learn every disease your child could possibly develop...

Genetic screening word cloud. Credit: © ibreakstock / Adobe Stock Newborn screening is required in the U.S. and differs slightly depending on which state you live in. For the most part, it's done before a newborn baby leaves the hospital and includes a blood test that screens for 30-50 serious health problems that usually arise…

Initially threatened by change, people adapt to societal diversity over time

Social exclusion concept. Credit: © Frog 974 / Adobe Stock President Donald Trump recently introduced immigration reforms that would prioritize education and employment qualifications over family connections in selecting immigrants and nominated immigration hard-liner Kris Kobach as "immigration czar." The moves, like many by Trump, speak to those who feel threatened by what they perceive…

If you could learn every disease your child could possibly develop...

Genetic screening word cloud. Credit: © ibreakstock / Adobe Stock Newborn screening is required in the U.S. and differs slightly depending on which state you live in. For the most part, it's done before a newborn baby leaves the hospital and includes a blood test that screens for 30-50 serious health problems that usually arise…

Chimpanzees at the crossroads: Adapt to living outside protected areas

Chimpanzees (stock image). Credit: © Kjersti / Adobe Stock Research carried out into the impact of changes to chimpanzee habitats found they have adapted to human developments in a number of ways -- including learning how to cross roads safely and the best times to visit human habitats -- but their survival is still threatened.…

How a new father views his relationship with his partner

Father, baby and mother. Credit: © Syda Productions / Adobe Stock A new father's views on his changing relationship with his wife or partner may depend in part on how much support he feels from her when he is caring for their baby, a new study suggests. Researchers found that a first-time father tended to…

Death of the middleman? Imagining a cheaper, fairer marketplace for digital...

E-commerce concept. Credit: © NicoElNino / Adobe Stock E-commerce is sizzling. Last year, consumers spent more than $517 billion online with US merchants, up 15 percent from the year before, according to Internet Retailer. However, independent musicians, self-published authors and others have sometimes found it difficult to participate in the e-commerce revolution. That's because they…

Australian islands home to 414 million pieces of plastic pollution

Ocean pollution (stock image). Credit: © Richard Carey / Adobe Stock A survey of plastic pollution on Australia's Cocos (Keeling) Islands has revealed the territory's beaches are littered with an estimated 414 million pieces of plastic debris. The study led by IMAS researcher Dr Jennifer Lavers and published in the journal Scientific Reports estimated beaches…

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