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Chimpanzees at the crossroads: Adapt to living outside protected areas

Chimpanzees (stock image). Credit: © Kjersti / Adobe Stock Research carried out into the impact of changes to chimpanzee habitats found they have adapted to human developments in a number of ways -- including learning how to cross roads safely and the best times to visit human habitats -- but their survival is still threatened.…

How a new father views his relationship with his partner

Father, baby and mother. Credit: © Syda Productions / Adobe Stock A new father's views on his changing relationship with his wife or partner may depend in part on how much support he feels from her when he is caring for their baby, a new study suggests. Researchers found that a first-time father tended to…

Death of the middleman? Imagining a cheaper, fairer marketplace for digital...

E-commerce concept. Credit: © NicoElNino / Adobe Stock E-commerce is sizzling. Last year, consumers spent more than $517 billion online with US merchants, up 15 percent from the year before, according to Internet Retailer. However, independent musicians, self-published authors and others have sometimes found it difficult to participate in the e-commerce revolution. That's because they…

Australian islands home to 414 million pieces of plastic pollution

Ocean pollution (stock image). Credit: © Richard Carey / Adobe Stock A survey of plastic pollution on Australia's Cocos (Keeling) Islands has revealed the territory's beaches are littered with an estimated 414 million pieces of plastic debris. The study led by IMAS researcher Dr Jennifer Lavers and published in the journal Scientific Reports estimated beaches…

Do you trust politicians? Depends on how you define trust

Politics and trust concept. Credit: © Minerva Studio / Adobe Stock There's more to trust than credence and faith, especially as it comes to politics. Research from Michigan State University and North Carolina State University presents new evidence to suggest that there are more layers to political trust than the public -- and politicians themselves…

Political controversies about marginalized groups increase bullying in youths

Bullying concept. Credit: © fotomek / Adobe Stock Scientists have uncovered new evidence that heated political discourse over proposed laws involving marginalized groups, such as debates about the rights of LGBT people, can contribute to an increase in bullying linked to students' identity in schools. It is the largest study to date to examine the…

Dexterous herring gulls learn new tricks to adapt their feeding habits

A gull perches on the quay of a small harbor. Credit: © simon jennings / Adobe Stock Observations of Herring Gulls by scientists from the University of Southampton have shown how the coastal birds have developed complicated behaviour to 'skin' sea creatures to make them safe to eat. Researchers think this feeding habit may be…

Despite health warnings, Americans still sit too much

Sedentary lifestyle word cloud (stock image). Credit: © ibreakstock / Adobe Stock Most Americans continue to sit for prolonged periods despite public health messages that such inactivity increases the risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease and certain cancers, according to a major new study led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.…

Arctic warming will accelerate climate change and impact global economy

Iceberg in Greenland (stock image). Credit: © mikhail79spb / Adobe Stock Carbon released into the atmosphere by the increasing loss of Arctic permafrost, combined with higher solar absorption by Earth's surface due to the melting of sea ice and land snow, will accelerate climate change -- and have a multi-trillion dollar impact on the world…

To cheat or not to cheat? Researchers uncover the moral dilemmas...

Medals and pills. Credit: © martinfredy / Adobe Stock Elite athletes are less likely to take banned substances if they consider the morality of what they are doing, and not just the health consequences of doping, according to a new study led by the University of Birmingham and funded by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).…

Nature’s dangerous decline ‘unprecedented,’ species extinction rates ‘accelerating’

Pacific Ocean. Credit: Copyright Michele Hogan Nature is declining globally at rates unprecedented in human history -- and the rate of species extinctions is accelerating, with grave impacts on people around the world now likely, warns a landmark new report from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), the summary of which…

Searching for lost WWII-era uranium cubes from Germany

Recognize this cube? It's one of the 664 uranium cubes from the failed nuclear reactor that German scientists tried to build in Haigerloch during World War II. Credit: John T. Consoli/University of Maryland Back in 2013, Timothy Koeth, an associate research professor at the University of Maryland, received a rather extraordinary birthday gift: a little…

New mathematical approach tested for the search of flight MH370

The Indian Ocean is covered of boxes forming the Markov chain models constructed using satellite-tracked drifter buoys to describe the motion of marine debris produced by the crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370. Credit: Philippe Miron The 2014 disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 remains ones of the biggest mysteries in aviation. More than $150…

Psychologists release results of survey of ‘Maria generation’ kids

A classroom in Puerto Rico shows the damage from Hurricane Maria, which was a category 4 storm when it struck the US territory on September 20, 2017. Credit: Provided by Rosaura Orengo-Aguayo Psychologists from the Medical University of South Carolina have just published one of the largest post-disaster screening projects in U.S. history. The report,…

Changing how a country types: New keyboard standard makes typing in...

The new keyboard standard, created with a state-of-art-algorithm, makes typing in French easier and more comfortable. Credit: Mikko Raskinen/Aalto University Keyboards touch our everyday lives yet, despite the well-known drawbacks of current layouts used across the globe, the position of characters has largely remained the same. Researchers at Aalto University, as part of an international…

Rainforest conservation in Peru must become more effective

The cultivation of cocoa plants is often part of the sustainable production systems implemented by the participating communities. Credit: Copyright Renzo Giudice/Uni Bonn A few years ago, the Peruvian government launched a program to protect the rainforest. However, an analysis by the Center for Development Research (ZEF) at the University of Bonn shows that its…

Be the change you want to see in the world

How energy use demands change through different milestones in life. Credit: HOPE Project Individuals have as big a role to play in tackling climate change as major corporations but only if they can be encouraged to make significant lifestyle changes by effective government policy, a major new European study co-authored by a University of Sussex…

Historical trade of tortoiseshell reveals origins of modern wildlife trafficking networks

A new study from Monterey Bay Aquarium researchers studied the historical trade of tortoiseshell made from the carapaces of hawksbill turtles like the one pictured, which was photographed during a necropsy in Hawaii. Credit: Kyle Van Houtan/NOAA New research from the Monterey Bay Aquarium finds that historical tortoiseshell trade routes may have established the groundwork…

People who feed birds impact conservation

A dark-eyed junco, an American goldfinch, and a house finch feed on sunflower seeds on a snowy day. Bird watchers report that cold weather influences how much they feed birds, more so than time or money. Photo by Cynthia Raught. Credit: Virginia Tech People in many parts of the world feed birds in their backyards,…

Protecting homes with netting window screens can reduce malaria parasite infection

A typical example of improved housing beside a mosquito-producing rice field in rural Tanzania, constructed using bricks, timber and iron sheeting plus netting screens fitted over the windows. Credit: IHI In an article published in Lancet Planetary Health, a team from Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM) and the Ifakara Health Institute (IHI), provides evidence…

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