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Water formation on the Moon demonstrated

Olivine mineral (stock image). Credit: © jonnysek / Adobe Stock For the first time, a cross-disciplinary study has shown chemical, physical, and material evidence for water formation on the Moon. Two teams from the University of Hawai?i at Manoa collaborated on the project: physical chemists at the UH Manoa Department of Chemistry's W.M. Keck Research…

A new way of diagnosing and treating disease — without cutting...

Laser light (stock image). Credit: © ivanovevgeniy / Adobe Stock University of British Columbia researchers have developed a specialized microscope that has the potential ability to both diagnose diseases that include skin cancer and perform incredibly precise surgery -- all without cutting skin. The researchers describe the technology in a study published today in Science…

Driverless cars working together can speed up traffic by 35%

Autonomous cars concept. Credit: © folienfeuer / Adobe Stock A fleet of driverless cars working together to keep traffic moving smoothly can improve overall traffic flow by at least 35 percent, researchers have shown. The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, programmed a small fleet of miniature robotic cars to drive on a multi-lane track…

‘Spider-like senses’ could help autonomous machines see better

Drones in city concept (stock image). Credit: © ChenPG / Adobe Stock What if drones and self-driving cars had the tingling "spidey senses" of Spider-Man? They might actually detect and avoid objects better, says Andres Arrieta, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Purdue University, because they would process sensory information faster. Better sensing capabilities…

Researchers unravel mechanisms that control cell size

Dividing cells illustration. Credit: © Kateryna_Kon / Adobe Stock Working with bacteria, a multidisciplinary team at the University of California San Diego has provided new insight into a longstanding question in science: What are the underlying mechanisms that control the size of cells? Nearly five years ago a team led by Suckjoon Jun, a biophysicist…

Ultra-clean fabrication platform produces nearly ideal 2D transistors

2D graphene illustration (stock image). Credit: © Ambelrip / Adobe Stock Semiconductors, which are the basic building blocks of transistors, microprocessors, lasers, and LEDs, have driven advances in computing, memory, communications, and lighting technologies since the mid-20th century. Recently discovered two-dimensional materials, which feature many superlative properties, have the potential to advance these technologies, but…

Wearable cooling and heating patch could serve as personal thermostat and...

Jacket (stock image). Credit: © Liaurinko / Adobe Stock Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a wearable patch that could provide personalized cooling and heating at home, work, or on the go. The soft, stretchy patch cools or warms a user's skin to a comfortable temperature and keeps it there as…

Polymers jump through hoops on pathway to sustainable materials

Plastic recycling concept. Credit: © Andrey Popov / Adobe Stock Recyclable plastics that contain ring-shaped polymers may be a key to developing sustainable synthetic materials. Despite some promising advances, researchers said, a full understanding of how to processes ring polymers into practical materials remains elusive. In a new study, researchers identified a mechanism called "threading"…

A new way of diagnosing and treating disease — without cutting...

Laser light (stock image). Credit: © ivanovevgeniy / Adobe Stock University of British Columbia researchers have developed a specialized microscope that has the potential ability to both diagnose diseases that include skin cancer and perform incredibly precise surgery -- all without cutting skin. The researchers describe the technology in a study published today in Science…

Australian islands home to 414 million pieces of plastic pollution

Ocean pollution (stock image). Credit: © Richard Carey / Adobe Stock A survey of plastic pollution on Australia's Cocos (Keeling) Islands has revealed the territory's beaches are littered with an estimated 414 million pieces of plastic debris. The study led by IMAS researcher Dr Jennifer Lavers and published in the journal Scientific Reports estimated beaches…

Australian islands home to 414 million pieces of plastic pollution

Ocean pollution (stock image). Credit: © Richard Carey / Adobe Stock A survey of plastic pollution on Australia's Cocos (Keeling) Islands has revealed the territory's beaches are littered with an estimated 414 million pieces of plastic debris. The study led by IMAS researcher Dr Jennifer Lavers and published in the journal Scientific Reports estimated beaches…

Bio-inspired material targets oceans’ uranium stores for sustainable nuclear energy

Uranium symbol. Credit: © vchalup / Adobe Stock Scientists have demonstrated a new bio-inspired material for an eco-friendly and cost-effective approach to recovering uranium from seawater. A research team from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories, the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of South Florida developed a material…

New coating could have big implications for lithium batteries

Lithium-ion battery. Credit: © janaka Dharmasena / Adobe Stock Coating provides extra layer of protection for battery cathodes. Building a better lithium-ion battery involves addressing a myriad of factors simultaneously, from keeping the battery's cathode electrically and ionically conductive to making sure that the battery stays safe after many cycles. In a new discovery, scientists…

Quantum world-first: Researchers reveal accuracy of two-qubit calculations in silicon

Quantum computing concept. Credit: © metamorworks / Adobe Stock For the first time ever, researchers have measured the fidelity -- that is, the accuracy -- of two-qubit logic operations in silicon, with highly promising results that will enable scaling up to a full-scale quantum processor. The research, carried out by Professor Andrew Dzurak's team in…

Breakthrough in new material to harness solar power

Solar panels. Credit: © electriceye / Adobe Stock The most affordable, efficient way to harness the cleanest, most abundant renewable energy source in the world is one step closer to reality. The University of Toledo physicist pushing the performance of solar cells to levels never before reached made a significant breakthrough in the chemical formula…

Smallest pixels ever created could light up color-changing buildings

Pixels (stock illustration). Credit: © kinako / Adobe Stock The smallest pixels yet created -- a million times smaller than those in smartphones, made by trapping particles of light under tiny rocks of gold -- could be used for new types of large-scale flexible displays, big enough to cover entire buildings. The colour pixels, developed…

Glassy menagerie of particles in beach sands near Hiroshima is fallout...

Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. Credit: © bankoo / Adobe Stock Mario Wannier, a career geologist with expertise in studying tiny marine life, was methodically sorting through particles in samples of beach sand from Japan's Motoujina Peninsula when he spotted something unexpected: a number of tiny, glassy spheres and other unusual objects. Wannier, who is now…

UV lights on power lines may help save Sandhill cranes

Power lines. Credit: © bohbeh / Adobe Stock Crane species are declining around the world, and lethal collisions with power lines are an ongoing threat to many crane populations. Current techniques for marking power lines and making them more visible to cranes aren't always effective, but new research published in The Condor: Ornithological Applications shows…

Methane-consuming bacteria could be the future of fuel

Methane molecules illustration. Credit: © polesnoy / Adobe Stock Known for their ability to remove methane from the environment and convert it into a usable fuel, methanotrophic bacteria have long fascinated researchers. But how, exactly, these bacteria naturally perform such a complex reaction has been a mystery. Now an interdisciplinary team at Northwestern University has…

Hummingbird robot uses AI to soon go where drones can’t

Hummingbird. Credit: © Ji / Adobe Stock What can fly like a bird and hover like an insect? Your friendly neighborhood hummingbirds. If drones had this combo, they would be able to maneuver better through collapsed buildings and other cluttered spaces to find trapped victims. Purdue University researchers have engineered flying robots that behave like…

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